Publications & Resources
Multiple Measures: Toward Tiered Systems
Eva L. Baker
This paper examines multiple measures of performance in school accountability systems from two perspectives: laterally (different indicators of different domains) and vertically (indicators that are at different levels of depth of the same domain). From these perspectives, organizational responsibility and instructional sensitivity are examined. In particular, alternative procedures are explored for integrating into the multiple measures concept external, uniform top-down measures and responsive, locally adaptive bottom-up measures.
Baker, E. L. (2003). Multiple measures: Toward tiered systems (CSE Report 607). Los Angeles: University of California, Los Angeles, National Center for Research on Evaluation, Standards, and Student Testing (CRESST).