Publications & Resources

The Role of Symbol Systems in Problem Solving: A Literature Review

Dec 1986

Richard J. Shavelson, Noreen M. Webb, and Penny Lehman

(This report was published by CRESST under its earlier name at UCLA as the Center for the Study of Evaluation, or CSE.)

Shavelson, R. J., Webb, N. M., & Lehman, P. (1986). The role of symbol systems in problem solving: A literature review (CSE Report 269). Los Angeles: University of California, Los Angeles, Center for the Study of Evaluation.