Publications & Resources

Looking Behind the "Average": How Are States Reporting Test Results

Feb 1990

Leigh Burstein

This report addresses these questions: (1) How can the use of commercial norm-referenced tests as measures of student achievement in high-stakes testing contexts be changed to lead to more accurate public reporting of results? (2) Regardless of how these tests or their use are changed, what are reasonable standards for “fully” reporting test results to “inform” educational improvement?

Burstein, L. (1990). Looking behind the average: How are states reporting test results (CSE Report 312). Los Angeles: University of California, Los Angeles, National Center for Research on Evaluation, Standards, and Student Testing (CRESST).