Publications & Resources
Development of the PROMIS® Positive Emotional and Sensory Expectancies of Smoking Item Banks
Joan S. Tucker, William G. Shadel, Maria Orlando Edelen, Brian D. Stucky, Zhen Li, Mark Hansen and Li Cai
The positive emotional and sensory expectancies of cigarette smoking include improved cognitive abilities, positive affective states, and pleasurable sensorimotor sensations. This paper describes development of Positive Emotional and Sensory Expectancies of Smoking item banks that will serve to standardize the assessment of this construct among daily and nondaily cigarette smokers.
Data came from a large sample of daily and nondaily smokers who completed an online survey. To identify an unidimensional set of items, we conducted item factor analyses, item response theory analyses, and differential item functioning analyses. Additionally, we evaluated the performance of fixed-item short forms (SFs) and computer adaptive tests (CATs) to efficiently assess the construct. Eighteen items were included in the item banks (15 common across daily and nondaily smokers, 1 unique to daily, 2 unique to nondaily). The item banks are strongly unidimensional, highly reliable, and perform similarly across gender, age, and race/ethnicity groups. A SF common to daily and nondaily smokers consists of 6 items while results from simulated CATs indicated that, on average, less than 8 items are needed to assess the construct with adequate precision using the item banks. These analyses identified a new set of items that can assess the positive emotional and sensory expectancies of smoking in a reliable and standardized manner. Considerable efficiency in assessing this construct can be achieved by using the item bank SF, employing computer adaptive tests, or selecting subsets of items tailored for specific research or clinical purposes.
Tucker, J. S., Shadel, W. G., Edelen, M. O., Stucky, B. D., Li, Z., Hansen, M., & Cai, L. (2014). Development of the PROMIS® positive emotional and sensory expectancies of smoking item banks. Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 16(Suppl. 3), S212-S222.